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Joaquín Torres-García

Deux structures sur fond rouge

oil on cardboard
ca. 1931
40,6 x 30,5 cm / 16 x 12 in.
signed upper left

Joaquín Torres-García was born in Montevideo, Uruguay, on July 28, 1874, to a Uruguayan mother and a Catalan emigrant father. Although he is considered the father of Latin American Constructivism, he spent over 40 years of his life in the United States and Europe. He settled in Paris in 1926, and after a rejection from the 1928 Salon d'automne, began to experiment with Constructivism, creating his first truly Constructivist works in 1929. His mature work from this latter period delicately balances natural and plastic elements, often containing signs that reference the indigenous cultures of South America. Late in 1929, Torres-García met Piet Mondrian, and along with Michel Seuphor the three later founded the movement Cercle et Carré (Circle and Square). Torres-García ultimately left the group in 1930 after several disagreements with Seuphor. After a short period of time in Madrid, where he exhibited, taught, and gave lectures, Torres-García returned to Uruguay in April 1934. Torres-García had several one-person shows, including those at the Museo de arte moderno, Madrid (1933); Musée national d'art moderne, Paris (1955); Museo de bellas artes, Caracas, Venezuela (1980 and 1997); and the Sala Torres-García at the So Paulo Biennial (1959 and 1991). Torres-García died on August 8, 1949, in Montevideo. (Text cited from The Guggenheim Museum)

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